Phoenix dactylifera “True Date Palm”
Natural Habitat: Naturally found throughout the deserts of the Middle East and Northern Africa.
Description: – A tall solitary palm that can reach heights over 60ft tall. The dactylifera has long stiff leaves that emerge from the crown with a whitish blue in color. The palms trunk is dark brown and covered in large bulbous boots, which lie on the trunk in a upwards spiraling pattern.
The fruit on this species are considered to be true dates, and produce the fruit usually sold at markets. However the dates will only grow in dry hot temperate areas.
These palms are dioecious, so they will be either male or female. Since almost all of the large palms planted throughout landscapes are females, the seeds produced by these palms are hardly ever fertile.
Some of the species have a suckering trait that allows them to split off multiple heads. If the tree starts to exhibit suckers or off shoots, and you would prefer a taller solitary palm, we suggest removing them, giving them main trunk more energy to grow. The suckers can be potted and grown on their own; however this process is not easy. We have heard, dip irrigation is a key factor in keeping the removed off shoot alive long enough to root. The large date farm, use suckers exclusively in growing stock, to insure the same genetics as the parent palm.
Environment: This palm can be successfully grow in almost any conditions. It enjoys a sunny moist area where it will get plenty of full sun throughout the day. It is also drought tolerant, and can be planted away from major sources of water once established. It is cold hardy to the low 20’s, showing little to no damage during light frosts and freezes. As a seedling it only requires a shady area, where it can get watered semi-regularly.