“European Fan Palm”
Natural Habitat: Naturally found throughout the Mediterranean coast from the Atlas Mountain range in Morocco eastwards to Turkey.
Description: A medium sized, mostly clumping but sometimes solitary fan palm that averages around 10 feet tall, even though very old specimen have been recorded at over 30 feet tall. The palm forms small clumps that have an overall stumpy appearance, with short stout trunks. The crown is short, non-self cleaning, and covered with thin fibers, emerging 15-20 separate leaves. The leaves stick straight out, hardly ever dropping, with a dark green color and palmate fan shape. The branches leading up to the leaves are covered with spines, so trimming can be somewhat dangerous.
Variation: This palm has a few variations including the “Cerifera” which has a blue/silver leaf color, and “Vulcano” which has shorter, more condense leaves, that tend to keep a circular undivided shape.
Environment: This Palm enjoys a sunny, moist, and well-drained area, where it will get watered regularly. Since it is from an arid climate, it is not well suited for the tropics or high humidity. It is very cold hardy and drought tolerant as an adult plant. It can handle severe frosts and temperatures, making it ideal for Northern States. Zones 7-9. It can also live well as a potted plant until it is large enough for the planting. As a seedling, keep it moist and in a shaded area.